Barbacoa is a meat that many of us here in the U.S. have come to know as shredded beef. Depending on the geographic location it could refer to whole heads of cows (or cheeks), even sheep or goat meat, often cooked over an open fire, but more traditionally wrapped in leaves and cooked in a pit, dug in the ground. The interpretation is loose, today. Often barbacoa is cooked over an open fire, braised or even steamed. Whatever the cooking method or meat, one thing you want to look for is a cut of meat with a high fat content, which makes beef short ribs perfect for this Beef Short Rib Barbacoa.